Frontless Television ?–The New Order of Regulations for the Television in Germany under the Influences of Europeanization and Commercialization


Shyr-Hau Shyr


Since the commercial television enterprises began to send their programs, the German TV-market with its Public-Monopoly framework has been fundamentally reconstructured: channels enhanced, receipt time prolonged, forms of entertainment enlivened and the competition so increasingly strengthened, that even the Public Stations could not escape from it. The European Community enacted in 1989 the Directive for a “Frontless Television” and broke the artificial boundaries against the broadcasting of radiowaves. It means the tendency of internationalization in addition to commercialization in the German TV-market. The Author tries in this Article to describe the changes and their concerns in the legal regulations in the Federal Republic of Germany and to provide and example for the reform of medien regulations in such phase, where competition grows and the international electrotechnological superpowers manipulate the markets.