broadcasting regulation, freedom of speech, Government Information Office, National Communications Commission, public interests, renewal of satellite TV license
This paper reviews the renewal of satellite TV license in 2005 to clarify the controversy of different decisions between the Government Information Office and the National Communications Commission. Besides, regulations of broadcasting license in other countries and the change of regulatory principles are introduced. Finally, through this case, this paper aims to reflect on the relationship on state regulation, market institution and the freedom of speech and then propose crucial concerns for broadcasting policy. This paper argues that the government should not disregard the importance of broadcasting licensing as a tool for structural regulation. The process of licensing should be open and including public participation and the goal is to ensure the freedom of speech and public interests.